Species and Varieties of Tulips: Tulipa
T. australis. It produces its yellow, red-flushed, star-shaped blooms on 6 in. (15 cm) stems. When in the bud stage they nod in the wind like snowdrops and are at their best in April.
T. batalinii. A species for the alpine garden, producing in April its daintyof soft creamy-yellow with bright golden centres. It rarely exceeds 4 in. (10 cm) in height, and its leaves trail on the ground.
T. biflora. A dainty species from the Caucasus, having narrow leaves and bearing from the main stems two to four starry creamy-white blooms shaded green on the exterior. 5 in. (12.5 cm).
T. chrysantha. This little tulip from the Himalayas blooms in May and is rich yellow on the inside, shaded cherry-red on the outside. 8 in. (20 cm).
T. dasystemon. A gem for the rock garden, bearing several flowers on each stem. They are palest yellow, shaded green and grey on the outside. It is April flowering and grows 6 in. (15 cm) tall.
T. eichleri. A brilliant April-flowering tulip for bedding or naturalising, with large scarlet blooms having a black centre surrounded with a golden band. It grows 10 in. (25 cm) high.
T. fosteriana ‘Princeps’. It grows only 8 in. (20 cm) tall and is the most dwarf member of the group. The large scarlet blooms have a black and yellow centre and are at their best during April.
T. greigii. The blooms are the largest of tulips and are of glowing orange, blotched with maroon at the centre. The foliage, too, is spotted with maroon. April flowering. 9 in. (22 cm).
Of many lovely hybrid varieties, ‘Plaisir’ is outstanding, growing 9 in. (22 cm) tall, the pointed petals of vermilion-red being edged with gold. ‘Red Riding Hood’ bears a bloom of ox-blood red and has foliage striped with purple-brown. ‘Oratoria’ is another beauty, its large blooms being of an unusual shade of rosy-apricot.
T. hageri. A most beautiful tulip from Greece, with small, globular blooms of dull coppery-red shaded with olive green outside. It blooms in April. 9 in. (23 cm).
T. kaufmanniana. Native of the hilly regions of central Asia, it is known as the ‘Water Lily Tulip’ on account of the shape of the blooms when open ** 73). The petals are broad and the flowers open to an enormous size. They are the first of all the tulips to bloom, showing colour by mid-March. There are a number of excellent new varieties and hybrids of which ‘Gaiety’ is outstanding, the deep cream blooms, striped red on the outside almost resting on the leaves,
Another gem is ‘Scarlet Elegance’, the vivid scarlet flowers with golden base, held on 6 in. (15 cm) stems. Growing to a similar height is ‘Sliakespeare’, the flowers an exquisite blending of apricot, salmon and orange. Extremely showy is ‘Elliott’, its white blooms with red markings on the outside, and most striking of all is the new hybrid ‘Robert Schumann’, the latest to bloom, its flowers of chrome-yellow flushed with rose on the exterior, the centre splashed with black blotches. T. kolpakowskiana. A splendid tulip from Asia Minor flowering in April; its deep golden-yellow flowers, unusually long, being shaded with rose on the exterior and held on 9 in. (22 cm) stems.
T. linifolia. It bears during May, its tiny blooms of glowing scarlet with a blue centre, on 6 in. (15 cm) stems. Glaucous foliage. T. maximowiczii. Though growing under 6 in. (15 cm), it has large flowers of shining deep scarlet, the petals having a dark blotch at the base. In flower during April.
T. persica. The “Persian Tulip’, charming for a trough garden or rockery. Fragrant blooms in May of deep yellow, shaded with bronze on the outside. It grows only 3 in. (7.5 cm) high.
T. primulina. Two or more flowers are produced from each bulb and are white, flushed with green and margined with rose. The glaucous foliage adds to its beauty. It grows 9 in. (22 cm) tall and blooms during April. T. pulchella. It comes into bloom at the end of March, its long urn-shaped blooms, of a lovely shade of soft mauve with a pale yellow centre, opening flat in the sun. 4 in. (10 cm).
T. saxatilis. It must have a dry, warm position and acontaining plenty of grit and sand, and the bulbs should be planted deeply. The delightful silvery lavender flowers are produced throughout May, and its broad glossy green foliage, unique in the genus, adds to its charm. 9 in. (22 cm). T. tubergeniana. This is a most striking tulip which grows 10 in. (25 cm) high, its handsome scarlet flowers, with black blotches at the base, opening as wide as the flower grows tall. It blooms during May. T. turkestanica. Similar to T. biflora in that three or four blooms appear from the main stem. It is one of the earliest to bloom. The cream-coloured flowers, attractively flushed with green and rose on the exterior, are borne on 6 in. (15 cm) stems during March.