Seasonal Gardening Checklist / Garden Calendar

Seasonal Gardening Checklist

Garden Calendar


Seasonal Gardening Checklist / Garden Calendar MID-WINTER

• Plan vegetable plot

• Order seeds

• Make cabbage root fly mats, bottle cloches, lacewing refuges and bird and bat boxes

• Wash pots and trays ready for sowing

• Remove any damaged or diseased branches from trees and shrubs

• Cut down herbaceous plants after birds have taken seeds

• Fork over soil where soil pests have been a problem

• Winter-prune canes of autumn raspberries

• Cover wall-trained peach trees to prevent peach leaf curl


LATE WINTER

• Make up sowing and potting mixtures

• Sow early vegetable crops if you have a heated propagator

• Put potatoes out to sprout in cool, light, frost-free place

• Add organic matter to vegetable beds for early spring planting and put out cloches and polythene to warm soil

• Dig up over-wintering brassicas as soon as you have finished harvesting as they can harbour pests and diseases

• Check ties on trees


EARLY SPRING

• Last opportunity to plant bare-rooted trees, fruit bushes and shrubs

• Best time to plant evergreens Last chance to prune apples, pears and soft fruit

• Sow early vegetable crops in greenhouse and under cloches; only sow outside if the soil is warm enough

• Sow early peas to miss pea moth

• Sow half-hardy annuals if you have a heated propagator

• Plant early potatoes if you can protect tops from late frosts

• Mulch over-wintering vegetables such as Japanese onions with nutrient-rich mulch or top-dress with fish, blood and bone

• Prepare vegetable beds for summer crops

• Sow quick-growing green manures on ground that will not be used until mid-summer

• Protect fruit blossom from frost if possible

• Prune roses Prune shrubs, such as Buddleia davidii, that flower on new shoots

• Cut back shrubby herbs such as lavender, sage and thyme

• Give lawn an initial cut if weather is mild, but not too closely; do not cut if the weather is wet but wait until the grass is dry


MID-SPRING

• Sow and plant hardy vegetables outside

• Protect newly sown vegetables with barriers where necessary; for example, put cabbage root fly mats on brassicas and fleece on early carrots

• Sow hardy annuals like pot marigolds outside (a good choice of plant because they attract hoverfly)

• Sow tender vegetables such as tomatoes in greenhouse

• Plant main crop potatoes and onion sets Mulch ornamental borders with materials such as leafmould, bark and shreddings when soil is moist

• Top-dress established plants in pots with worm compost or begin liquid feeding

• Feed neglected lawns

• Start cutting lawn in mid-spring and continue regularly until early autumn

• Check regularly from mid-spring onwards for fruit pests, diseases and other problems, in particular, canker, aphids, winter moths and tortrix moths

• Inspect gooseberries and currants for sawfly and eggs from mid-spring


LATE SPRING

• Continue sowing vegetables outdoors and plant out early crops sown inside

• Keep early-sown crops well weeded

• Mulch top and soft fruit with hay or straw

• Watch for aphids but do not spray unless damage is severe; predator numbers should be building up by now

• Look for first signs of greenhouse whitefly and order biological control

• Hang codling moth traps in apple and pear trees from late spring onwards until the end of late summer

• Remove covers from wall-trained peaches

• Remove tied-on grease bands

• Apply shade paint to greenhouse roof and/or walls or fix blinds


EARLY SUMMER

• Continue sowing and planting vegetables

• Sow main crop carrots in early summer to miss first generation of carrot fly

• Sow peas late to miss pea moth

• Plant out tender crops after the last frost

• Prune plums and cherries now until end of late summer to avoid silver leaf disease

• Net fruit bushes, raspberries and main crop strawberries; thin plums, pears and apples

• Look out for cabbage caterpillars or eggs until early autumn

• Water plants as needed until early autumn, especially those that are newly planted


MID-SUMMER

• Cut spring wild-flower meadows; move hay

• Cover flowering peas with mesh to protect against pea moth

• Summer-prune red and white currants and gooseberries to keep bush open and help control disease

• Collect immature fallen fruitlets from apples and pears


LATE SUMMER

• Start sowing overwintering green manures

• Sow winter salad crops such as endive and overwintering vegetables like spring cabbage

• Lift onions and dry thoroughly before storing to avoid storage diseases

• Prune out old raspberry canes after fruiting

• Cut off strawberry leaves after harvest

• Plant new strawberries if needed

• Cut hedges after birds have finished nesting

• Remove and compost early-fallen apples or pears in case they contain pests

• Summer-prune cordons, espaliers, fans and other restricted forms of apples and pears EARLY AUTUMN

• Sow overwintering green manures

• Sow new wild-flower meadows

• Sow hardy annual attractants to overwinter and flower early

• Harvest potatoes early on heavy soils to avoid slug damage

• Prune out old canes of hybrid berries

• Take nets off fruit after harvesting to allow birds to get at overwintering pests

• Cover ponds with netting to keep leaves out

• Remove greenhouse shading


MID-AUTUMN

• Last chance to sow grazing rye

• Cover root crops with straw to protect from frost damage and lift and store those that are not frost hardy

• Dig a compost trench on next year’s runner bean bed

• Insulate worm bins

• Cut summer wild-flower meadows and then remove hay

• Clean out greenhouse thoroughly

• Top-dress neglected lawns

• Trim back flowerheads of shrubby herbs and herbaceous plants after birds have eaten seeds

• Prune blackcurrant bushes any time from mid- to late autumn

• Prune out old canes of blackberries

• Apply greasebands to apple, pear and plum trees and to the stakes

• Lift, divide and replant herbaceous plants any time from now until early spring if soil conditions permit

• Collect up fallen leaves from apple and pear trees to help control scab

• Collect leaves from lawns and paths to make leafmould; this will also prevent them from rotting on the ground


LATE AUTUMN

• Fork-over seed beds on clay soils and leave to weather over winter

• Mulch roses after leaf fall to help prevent reinfection with blackspot

• Prune red and white currant bushes and gooseberries any time from leaf-fall until early spring

• Harvest remaining apples and pears before severe frosts occur


EARLY WINTER

• Check for hibernating hedgehogs before having bonfires

• Best time to plant any new trees, fruit bushes, shrubs and hedges

• Remove any mummified fruit from tree to help prevent spread of disease

• Prune apple and pear trees, gooseberry bushes and red and white currants anytime from now until early spring

• Check greasebands remain sticky through winter until mid-spring

• Feed wild birds from now until spring


04. February 2011 by Dave Pinkney
Categories: Organic Gardening | Tags: , | Comments Off on Seasonal Gardening Checklist / Garden Calendar

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox

Join other followers: