Rose Bushes – Modern Shrub Roses
Modern Shrub Roses
This group of rose bushes is becoming increasingly popular for the more informal situations. Most varieties are of bushy habit, and many will attain a height and spread of more than 2 m (6 ft). For convenience in planning, I have divided the selection into recurrent and non-recurrent types.
These rose bushes are especially useful because they provide ornamental value over a long flowering season. Many of them can be used effectively as single specimen shrubs, but they are equally effective for informal hedges. Generally littleis required, but the prompt removal of old flowering heads will encourage the plants to flower again. Some varieties are moderate in growth and, although classified as shrubs, can be pruned to grow as large floribundas; as such they are ideal for large beds, and are widely used in public gardens.
‘Angelina’, 1.2 m (4 ft). A moderate grower with a long flowering season; semi-double, light carmine-pinkwith a slight fragrance.
‘Ballerina’. Moderate in height but of vigorous growth, a useful general-purpose rose for mixed borders, hedges, large beds, or even as a standard; large clusters of small, single, pink flowers; abundant glossy foliage.
‘Buff Beauty’. A Pemberton musk of medium height and spreading habit; freely produced, very fragrant apricot-yellow flowers that pale at the edges.
‘Chinatown’. A handsome plant of 1.5 m (5 ft) or more; fragrant, double, deep-yellow flowers, sometimes flushed with red.
‘Cornelia’, 1.5 m (5 ft). A Pemberton musk, spreading and bushy in habit; freely produced apricot-pink flowers intensify in colour in autumn.
‘Dorothy Wheatcroft’, 1.5 m (5 ft). A tall-growing floribunda-type; brilliant red flowers produced in huge trusses on long growths, particularly in autumn. Effective if planted en masse.
‘Elmshom’, 1.8 m (6 ft). A vigorous shrub; freely produced cherry-red flowers over a lengthy period.
‘Fountain’, 1.5 m (5 ft). A medium-growing shrub; blood-red double flowers of hybrid-tea shape borne freely in clusters.
‘Frank Naylor’, 1.2 m (4 ft). A compact, dense-growing shrub with beautiful foliage, particularly in spring; lightly scented, single, deep crimson-maroon blooms with a golden zone. Needs protection from.
‘Fred Loads’. A vigorous shrub which can attain 2.1 m (7 ft) if conditions are good; single, light-vermilion flowers borne in large clusters and very showy. Good for the back of borders, and popular with exhibitors of floribunda.
‘Goldbonnet’. An effective shrub of 1.2 m (4 ft) and more; abundant bright-yellow flowers.
‘Golden Wings’. A vigorous shrub which when pruned hard will reach 1.2 m (4 ft); large, single, light primrose-yellow flowers, sweetly scented and produced almost continuously over a long period. Orange-yellow hips follow in autumn. A most attractive and beautiful shrub.
‘Joseph’s Coat’, 1.8 m (6 ft) or more. A vigorous grower which, if severely pruned, can be used for large beds and, if lightly pruned, as a specimen shrub or as a climber; freely produced yellow flowers flushed with orange and red, especially effective in autumn.
‘Kathleen Ferrier’, 1.5 m (5 ft). Medium-growing floribunda-type shrub; strongly scented salmon-pink flowers borne in loose clusters.
‘Magenta’, 1.2 m (4 ft). A floribunda-type, open and somewhat sprawling in habit; freely produced, beautifully scented variable-coloured flowers, pinkish-lilac to soft deepish mauve.
‘Marguerite Hilling’. A vigorous sport of ‘Nevada’ (see below) which will attain at least is 5 m (5 ft) in height and width; semi-double, light pink flowers with deeper shading, produced in abundance in June and July but more frugally later in the season. Identical to its parent except in colour.
‘Marjorie Fair’, 1.2 m (4 ft). Vigorous and bushy in growth; single, bright reddish-carmine flowers with a silver eye. A variety which is much appreciated because of the wealth of colour it produces over a long period.
‘Moonlight’, 1.5 m (5 ft) and more. Appropriately named, this Pemberton rose is much favoured by those who enjoy their gardens in late evening; semi-double, lemon-cream flowers, with golden stamens and musk scent. If unpruned this variety will scramble over hedges or into small trees.
‘Morgensonne’ (Morning Sun). A vigorous floribunda-type shrub; beautiful, full golden-yellow flowers.
‘Nevada’. One of the finest, from 1.5 to 2.4 m (5 to 8 ft) in height and width; large creamy white flowers festoon its arching branches in June and make a lesser display later in the season. Ideal as a single specimen.
‘Nymphenburg’. A shrub of up- right habit and medium growth; delightful salmon-pink, scented flowers.
‘Penelope’. Usually about 1.5 m (5 ft) in height and width, and one of the most outstanding Pemberton roses for hedges and borders; freely produced, richly fragrant, pale salmon-pink flowers tinged with apricot, particularly good in autumn. Sometimes shows a tendency toin autumn.
‘Poulsen’s Park Rose’. A fairly large spreading shrub, 1.5 m (5 ft) and more; abundant large, shapely, silvery pink blooms. Very fragrant.
‘Rainbow’. A medium-sized shrub; very freely produced multi-shaded blooms of coral, orange, yellow, and salmon.
‘Saga’, 1.2 m (4 ft). An upright, bushy grower of floribunda type; lovely semi-double, white flowers with shades of buff which deepen in autumn.
‘The Fairy’, 1 m (3 ft). A spreading grower included here as a low shrub as it does not conform in type to modern; small, double, soft-pink flowers produced in great abundance after a late start. Best planted either in a bed or in a mixed border, where it will excel most of its neighbours.
‘Will Scarlet’, up to 1.8 m (6 ft). A strong, bushy shrub; slightly scented, semi-double, hunting-pink flowers produced over a lengthy period. The good display of fine orange-red hips in late autumn and winter is a pleasant bonus.
The following is a list of varieties that are essentially non-recurrent (although some have a few late-season flowers), and are valued particularly for their early-summer blooms. Several of them produce hips in autumn.
‘Canary Bird’, up to 2.1 m (7 ft) in goodconditions. A deservedly popular hybrid from R. xanthina, it is one of the first roses to flower in May; single canary-yellow flowers, borne in great profusion and beautifully set off by grey-green, ferny foliage.
‘Cerise Bouquet’, 1.8 m (6 ft) and more. A distinctive shrub; small, greyish foliage offsets the semi-double, cerise-crimson flowers produced on long, arching sprays.
‘Constance Spry’. A hefty grower of 1.8 m (6 ft) and more in height and width; distinctively fragrant, somewhat cupped, soft-pink flowers borne with great freedom.
‘Fritz Nobis’, 1.5 m (5 ft), possibly more on good soil, and vigorous in growth; beautifully shaped buds, and fragrant, semi-double, pale salmon-pink flowers. Bears dark-red hips which persist for a long time. A most valuable shrub.
‘Fruhlingsgold’ (Spring Gold), 2.1 m (7 ft). A tall shrub which does well on most soils; large, creamy yellow flowers, slightly semi-double, tending to fade a little, but with a rich fragrance which carries for some distance. Given sufficient space, it is a first-class shrub.
‘Fruhlingsmorgen’ (Spring Morning), 1.5 m (5 ft) and more on good soil; beautifully formed, single, clear rose-pink flowers with a yellow centre, whose purple-maroon stamens add to their beauty.
‘Golden chersonese’, 1.8 m (6 ft). An upright-growing shrub with slender, arching growths; beautifully fragrant, single, deep buttercup-yellow flowers. Worth trying as a hedge, it seems most at home when it is not too exposed to cold winds.
‘Max Graf’. A trailing rose, the result of crossing R. rugosa with R. wichuraiana; abundant masses of single, pink flowers which lighten towards the base. Generally planted for ground cover, 1.5 m (5 ft) apart, for which purpose it is admirably suited.
‘Raubritter’. A sprawling shrub, useful for ground cover or for covering banks, where eventually it will extend to 1.8 m (6 ft) across, or even more in good soil; slightly scented, semi-double, light-pink flowers freely borne in clusters, and delightfully incurled into globular blooms of great charm. Some protection againstmay be required.
‘Scharlachglut’ (better known as ‘Scarlet Fire’). A great arching shrub up to 2.4 m (8 ft) on good soil. Although non-recurrent, it flowers over a longish period; large, single, beautifully shaped scarlet-crimson blooms borne freely all along the branches. Large, pear-shaped, orange-scarlet hips which last for a considerable time add greatly to the value of this fine shrub, which is especially effective if trained up a wall.