Paeonia Suffruticosa or ‘Alba Crispiflora’ Peony
‘Alba Crispiflora’ Peony
The genus was named after the Greek god Paieon. It comprises some 35 species, most of which are herbaceous and only a few woody (shrubby). They are widely distributed in Europe and Asia; only two species are found in North America. Peonies have been grown in Europe’s gardens for centuries. These cultivated garden plants were derived from the herbaceous peony Paeonia officinalis. Later, however, growers’ interest shifted to cultivars brought to Europe from China and Japan which were derived from herbaceous(particularly Paeonia chinensis) as well as woody species (such as Paeonia suffruticosa). The form ‘Alba Crispiflora’ is a spreading shrub about 1m (3 ft) high with 20 to 25cm (8 to 10 in) in diameter, coloured pure white at first, later pale pink. They appear in June.
Peonies, particularly the woody species, need to be planted inthat has been well prepared beforehand — forked over to a depth of about 30 to 40cm (12 to 16 in) and provided with added fertilizer. The soil should be loamy or sandy-loamy, nourishing and on the moist side. Two or three years after they have been planted out peonies should be given an application of compost or well-rotted manure every one or two years. The location should be a sheltered and sunny one so that the wood ripens well. In northern or exposed areas the plants may need protection against spring frosts.