(D = deciduous leaf losing and E = evergreen)
Magnolias are the aristocrats of shrubs, and most of them are not difficult to grow even in small gardens. Some flower when young and when no more than 1 ft. tall. Plant in March or April in a deep, sandy, or on a heavy soil if it has been lightened at planting time and plenty of peat and leaf mould has been added. Mulch annually with the same materials.
They thrive in the shelter of other trees, and the evergreen kinds are usually grown against walls, except in very mild places. Magnolias that are suitable for most gardens are:
Magnolia denudata (D), 25 to 30 ft. In time, white flowers from March to May.
M. kobus (D), 20 to 30 ft., creamy-white flowers in April, quick growing but takes a number of years to flower; one of the best for chalky soils.
M. soulangiana (D), 20 ft., white flowers flushed purple at the base in spring.
M.s. Alba, white flowers.
M.s. Lennei, flowers are rose-purple out-side and white inside.
M. stellata (D), 12 ft., slow-growing, bears white flowers, later tinged with rose, in March and April. It flowers when the plant is very small.