Lonicera Syringantha or Lilac Honeysuckle
The important characteristics of this genus which determine how the individual species are used are their habit of growth and whether they are evergreen or not. Lilac honeysuckle, reaching a height of 2 m (6 ft) at the most, is a small shrub which is native to China. The large, bell-shaped blossoms are pinkish-white to lilac-pink and very fragrant. They appear from May to June. The leaves are short-petioled and arranged in whorls of three.
Lilac honeysuckle is readily propagated by means of seeds which when removed from the pulp are stratified and sown the same autumn. It may also be propagated by softwood and hardwood cuttings and by. It often propagates itself by producing roots from the branches lying on the ground. It has no special requirements, but is intolerant of compacted and unduly moist soil. It will grow in shade.
The variety wolfii, which differs from the type by its carmine-redand prostrate habit, is good for the rock garden and for covering larger areas. Also used for this purpose is Lonicera pileata from central and western China, which is only about 30 cm (1 ft) high; however, it requires plenty of light. Lonicera nitida is somewhat taller. Both these last two are evergreen. Two garden forms of Lonicera nitida which are often grown are ‘Elegant’ of broad, upright habit, and ‘Ernest Wilson’, a very small shrub with small leaves.