Lavender | Lavandula
Lavender, a member of the Lamiaceae family, is native to the Mediterranean where it grows as a herbaceous perennial, evergreem semi-shrub or shrub. It has linear leaves, covered with fine white hairs, that exude a typical lavender scent and purple-blue, pink or whitedepending on the variety. Old English lavender (L. angustifolia) is a popular container plant that is frost-resistant even in a temperate climate. This variety also produces lavender oil. The flowers of L. stoechas and L. dentata are borne in purple-red spikes. They all require a warm, sunny position in order to develop their full aroma. Although they tolerate periods of drought, they need a well-drained that should be kept moist at all times.
They do not need much food until the end of the summer when usually a small application of fertilizer suffices. In winter, it is safer to move them to light, frost-proof place where the temperature will not exceed 10° C (50° F). Older specimens should be thinned out every year. Lavender can be propagated from softwood cuttings or raised from seed in spring.