Japanese spindle

Euonymus japonicus

This evergreen shrub belonging to the spindle family [Celastraceae) is native to Japan and Korea where it can reach a height of 8 m(26 ft). The greenish flowers that appear in spring are followed by striking pink fruits containing orange seeds. The glossy leathery leaves are dark green and marked with white or yellow depending on the variety. Japanese spindles prefer partial or full shade although the variegated forms needs more light. In summer the plant should be watered moderately and in winter more sparingly. However, if the root ball dries out, the leaves will drop.

Feed sparingly. Although E japonicus will tolerate short periods of slight frost, it is best to keep it in a light, frost-free place where the temperature does not exceed 10° C (50° F). Larger specimens can be cut back as required. It can be propagated from semi-ripe cuttings, which can taken throughout the year. Watch out for spider mites and scale insects in summer and mildew and root rot in winter.

23. July 2014 by Dave Pinkney
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