Growing Yucca Plants
Common name: none
These architectural, evergreen shrubs with rosettes of sharply pointed narrow leaves, and tall spikes made up of masses of bell-shaped blooms, give an exotic look to the border.
Adam’s needle () (AGM) is a native of the SE United States. Its common name is due to its stiff, narrow, shiny leaves. Flowering usually commences when the plant is two or three years old. In early and mid-summer it produces a tall spike with numerous cream-white . Look for the form ‘Variegata’ (AGM), with attractive leaves edged with a broad yellow and cream margin.
Onethat does not flower until it is at least five years old is Yucca gloriosa (AGM), a larger plant that forms dense rosettes of deep green leaves. The creamy white flower spike appears in late summer, and is usually up to 2m (6ft) in height.
Soil type Good, well-drained, humus-rich soils are required.
Planting Either early autumn or mid-spring in a sunny spot One point to remember is that yuccas have stiff, sharp, pointed leaves, so avoid spots near paths or children’s play areas.
Pruning Nois required, except to cut off any dead leaves.
Propagation Rooted offsets can often be found at the base of the plant Carefully remove these and grow them on for two or three years in a pot, when they will be large enough to plant out
Pests and diseases Generally trouble free.