Gazania

Height 20-35cm (8-14in)

Planting distance 30cm (1ft)

Flowers mid summer until the first frost

Well-drained soil

Sunny site

Half-hardy annual

Large daisy-like flowers in bright shades of yellow are the principal feature of this mat-forming 23cm (9in) high South African plant. The flowers appear from mid summer until the first frost, but open only in bright sunshine – even then they close again in mid after-noon. The leaves are deep green, with white-felted undersides.

Gazanias are excellent for bedding out, and they also make good cut flowers. They are wind resistant and thrive in seaside gardens.

Popular varieties

Most garden varieties are developed from Gazania x hybrida. ‘Carnival’, an F1 mixture, grows to 35cm (14in) tall, with silver-green foliage and flowers in pink, rose, bronze and red shades, some-times striped or bicoloured. ‘Chansonette’, up to 30cm (12in) tall, bears 7.5cm (3in) wide flowers in lemon, orange, gold, apricot and pink-red shades.

Gazania species ‘Harlequin Hybrids’, 38cm (15in) tall, have brightly coloured flowers in shades of yellow, orange, brown, pink and red, all with a brown zone around the central disc. ‘Mini Star Mixed’ have bright yellow, red, pink and orange flowers carried on neat, compact plants, 20cm (8in) tall. ‘Oranges and Lemons’, 20cm (8in) high, bears single, brightly coloured blooms in profusion. ‘Talent Mixed’ has short stems, to 20cm (Sin) high, set with finely cut, silvery leaves and flowers in pastel and strong colours.

Cultivation

Sow the seeds under glass in mid to late winter and keep at a temperature of 16°C (61°F). Prick out into 7.5cm (3in) pots and harden off before planting out in early summer.

Set gazanias 30cm (1ft) apart in well-drained to dry soil in a sunny position.

Pests and diseases

Grey mould can affect the plants in wet weather.

22. February 2012 by Dave Pinkney
Categories: Annuals, Biennials, Bulbous Plants, Featured Articles | Tags: , , , | Comments Off on Gazania

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