Floribunda Roses – Different Types of Rose
During the last 20 years there has been a phenomenal increase in the number of floribundaintroduced into cultivation. The term ‘floribunda’ has no significance botanically; it is used merely to designate a group of roses that develop in clusters. Breeders have produced a section of this group with larger, semi-double flowers, known as floribunda/hybrid tea type, which is confusing to the amateur gardener and in particular to the newcomer to rose growing. Extensive breeding between the classes has in fact resulted in so many borderline varieties that even experts sometimes find classification bewildering.
Floribunda roses as a class must be free-flowering throughout the season, thus providing continuous colour. It is this quality which has made the type so popular in recent years, and explains why it has been used in increasing numbers in public parks and gardens. Amateurs who appreciate colour in the mass have also turned to this type, for they know they can expect to find secondary growths developing before the first truss of bloom has completely finished.
The list of varieties which follows is in the main confined to those of fairly recent introduction in order to avoid, if possible, adding to the confusion of the beginner. Any list must be subject to some reservations, not least because tastes differ. Indeed, one of the many joys of gardening in general and rose growing in particular is the element of personal choice. With floribundas the range to choose from is wide indeed.
Selection of Floribunda Roses
‘Allgold’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). A compact grower, moderate in vigour; semi-double flowers of a bright buttercup yellow which does not fade. An early flowering variety that withstands rain and is resistant to disease.
‘Anne Cocker’, 1 m (3 ft). An up- right, vigorous grower; light vermilion blooms in a rosette formation of distinctive appearance. Rather late to flower, it lasts well as a cut flower; inclined to-in some areas.
‘Apricot Nectar’, 1 m (3 ft). A vigorous, bushy grower; delightful pinkish apricot flowers with yellow base; slight scent.
‘Arthur Bell,’ 1 m (3 ft). Vigorous and upright in growth; large, bright-yellow flowers when young, later fading to cream. One of the most fragrant floribundas; rain resistant.
‘Bonfire Night’, 1 m (3 ft). Bushy and upright in growth; bright-orange flowers splashed with yellow. A brilliantly coloured bedder which requires watching for.
‘Busy Lizzie’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Compact and bushy in growth; prolific pastel-pink flowers. An excellent variety for bedding.
‘City of Belfast’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Free and bushy in growth; freely produces large trusses of bright vermilion-scarlet. An excellent bedder flowering over a long season, it is weather resistant and slightly fragrant.
‘City of Leeds’, 1 m (3 ft). Upright and vigorous in growth; neat, freely produced, rich salmon-pink blooms. A fine bedder, it is prone to rust in some areas.
‘Dame of Sark’, 1 m (3 ft). A healthy, easily grown variety; rich orange, red, and orange-yellow flowers. One of the most striking floribundas suitable for bedding.
‘Dearest’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Vigorous and bushy in growth; beautiful fragrant, soft salmon-pink flowers. One of the more popular fair-weather floribundas, it is less happy in the rain, and it has a tendency to.
‘Elizabeth of Glamis’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). A moderate grower which does not take kindly to cold, heavy, or exposed sites; beautiful fragrant, salmon-pink flowers infused with apricot. Should be watched for disease.
‘English Miss’, 800 mm (2-1/2 ft). Grows with a distinctive branching habit; large sprays of fragrant, pale-pink, camellia-shaped flowers.
‘Escapade’, 1 m (3 ft). A very vigorous grower; fragrant flowers of light magenta paling off in the centre. A weather-resistant variety especially suitable for an informal hedge or large bed.
‘Evelyn Fison’, 800 mm (2-1/2 ft). Vigorous and branching in growth; vivid red flowers produced throughout the season. A popular bedding variety with good weather resistance.
‘Eye Paint’, 1.2 m (4 ft). Vigorous and bushy; delightful single, scarlet flowers with a white eye. Good for large beds or informal hedges; prone to black spot in some areas.
‘Gardener’s Sunday’, 1 m (31, ft). A tall, bushy grower; fragrant, well-formed, bright-yellow flowers. A good hedger.
‘Glenfiddich’, 1 m (3 ft). A good, upright grower; flowers are a lovely golden amber in cooler northern gar- dens, but paler in hot southern gardens.
‘Harking’ (‘Judy Garland’), 1 m (3 ft). A bushy and vigorous variety; freely produced, slightly fragrant, deep-yellow-edged orange flowers.
‘Harkuly’ (‘Margaret Merril’), 1 m (3 ft). Vigorous and branching in growth; small, well-formed white flowers faintly sheened with pale pink. It has one of the most exquisite fragrances of all the roses.
‘Harry Edland’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). A vigorous, bushy grower; full, fragrant, deep-lilac flowers. Grows better than many other lilac-coloured floribundas.
‘Iceberg’, 1.2 m (4 ft). Vigorous and upright; medium-sized white flowers, occasionally flushed with pink. Justly celebrated as a standard, it bears flowers in profusion throughout a long growing season.
‘Iced Ginger’,1.1 m (3-½ ft). Very upright in growth; shapely budded flowers in a blend of apricot, buff, and deep copper. Ideal as a cut flower.
‘Kerryman’, 1 m (3 ft). A vigorous grower; large pink blooms, darker at the edges. Will flower freely over a long season.
‘Korresia’, 1 m (3 ft). Medium-sized bushy grower; shapely, fragrant, bright-yellow flowers which do not fade. One of the best garden varieties among the floribundas.
‘Lili’ marlene’, 800 mm (2-1/2ft). Compact, branching growth, with an ideal habit for bedding; very popular for its scarlet-red flowers.
‘Living Fire’, 1 m (3 ft). A vigorous, upright grower; freely produced orange flowers, with shades of scarlet and golden yellow. Most effective as a bedding variety.
‘Manx Queen’, 1 m (3 ft). Compact in growth; its rich gold flowers are flushed with bronze and red.
‘Mary Sumner’, 1.2 m (4 ft). A very vigorous, tall, and upright grower; slightly fragrant, coppery orange-salmon flowers and handsome, disease-resistant foliage.
‘Matangi’, 1.1 m (3-½ ft). Vigorous, upright grower; slightly fragrant, spectacular vermilion flowers with a white eye and silvery reverse. Free-flowering over a long season.
‘Molly McGredy’, 1 m (3 ft). A robust, bushy grower; interestingly shaped, very free-flowering blooms of cherry red.
‘Moon Maiden’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). An open, spreading grower; creamy yellow flowers. A variety that associates well with ‘News’ (below); flowers over a long season and is especially attractive in autumn.
‘News’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). A robust, compact grower; free-flowering, open, beetroot-red blooms changing to purple. Its effect is enhanced if combined with pale-yellow roses or with grey-foliaged plants.
‘Old Master’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Of medium height, vigorous in growth; slightly fragrant, carmine-purple flowers with silvery white reverse.
‘Paddy McGredy’, 600 mm (2 ft). A compact grower; abundant hybridtea-shaped carmine-pink flowers touched with salmon, and slightly scented; abundant glossy dark-green foliage. Effective for bedding. May need protection against black spot.
‘Pernille Poulsen’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Vigorous and branching; fragrant salmon-pink blooms. An effective variety that flowers a week earlier than most other floribundas.
‘Picasso’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Compact and bushy in growth, now more widely known as the ‘Hand-Painted Rose’; vari-coloured flowers, usually two shades of cherry red flecked and streaked with silvery white. Produces masses of blooms late into autumn if lightly pruned. Suffers from black spot.
‘Pink Parfait’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Healthy and upright in growth; prolific, shapely, weather-resistant, light-pink and cream flowers. Excellent for bedding.
‘Poppy Flash’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). Medium in height and vigorous; bright orange-vermilion flowers freely produced.
‘Priscilla Burton’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). A vigorous and branching grower; freely produced, semi-double, wine-red blooms with a silvery eye. Flowers over a long season. Prominent stamens enhance the slightly fragrant flowers.
‘Queen Elizabeth’, 1.5 m (5 ft). Exceptionally vigorous and apt to overgrow other varieties, so requires careful placing; clear-pink flowers. A well-known and popular variety, good forand useful for cutting.
‘Rob Roy’, 1 m (3 ft). Fairly tall and vigorous; slightly scented scarlet-crimson flowers, outstanding for colour.. Useful also as a cut flower.
‘Satchmo’, 800 m (2-½ ft). Vigorous and bushy, ideal in habit for bedding; a prolific producer of glowing scarlet blooms. Good weather resistance.
‘Sea Pearl’, 1.1 m (3-½ ft). Upright and vigorous in growth; flowers an attractive blend oforange, salmon pink, and peach, nicely formed and scented. Good lasting properties as a cut flower.
‘Southampton’, 1.2 m (4 ft). A strong upright grower; freely produced, scented, orange-apricot flowers. Disease-resistant to a high degree; ideal for a large bed or hedge, and useful for exhibition.
‘Stephen Langdon’, 1 m (3 ft). Medium in height but of vigorous growth; freely produced rich crimson-scarlet blooms. In northern England it flowers rather late, so it is unlikely to give a second crop there.
‘Sunsilk’, 1 m (3 ft). A strong, bushy grower of upright habit; large, shapely, slightly fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers produced in abundance in autumn. Considered by some rosarians to be a hybrid tea variety; good for cutting.
‘The Sun’, 1.1 m (3-½ ft). A tall, healthy grower; slightly scented, salmon-orange flowers.
‘Trumpeter’, 800 mm (2-½ ft). A short, compact grower; bright, vermilion-orange or scarlet blooms. Produces abundant flowers throughout the season; healthy in growth and excellent for bedding.
‘Vera Dalton’, 1.1 m (3-½ ft). A vigorous grower; pleasantly scented, soft-pink flowers. Good for bedding.
‘Yesterday’, 1 m (3 ft). Vigorous and branching in growth, this unusual rose has a charm of its own; sweetly fragrant small flowers opening rose pink, then verging towards lilac. If pruned lightly it will assume the size of a small shrub and fit in very well as a plant for the mixed border.
The following is a selection of varieties especially suitable for the small garden. They may also be used as edging plants in borders. They should be planted about 500 mm (18 in) apart.
‘Baby Bio’. A compact, bushy grower; freely produced golden-yellow flowers which repeat quickly.
‘Dicalow’ (‘Yellow Ribbon’). Compact and bushy in growth; deep golden yellow flowers.
‘Dreamland’. Fairly vigorous in growth; attractive, soft peach-pink flowers with a slight fragrance.
‘Golden Slippers’. Short and corn- pact in growth; attractive pale gold and orange flowers. A variety which requires and deserves good cultivation.
‘Llakuun’. A reliable short grower; white flowers shaded with cream and pink.
‘Kim’. An attractive plant, cushion-like in appearance; the yellow flowers flush with red, particularly in autumn.
‘Marlena’. Has a compact habit of growth; a mass of crimson-scarlet flowers produced late in the autumn.
‘Meteor’. A compact grower; freely produced, brilliant-scarlet flowers.
‘Mrs Walter Burns’. A healthy little plant; warm rose-pink flowers.
‘Pineapple Poll’. A good bedder; orange-flushed red flowers with a refreshing, spicy fragrance.
‘Red Sprite’. A good low-bedding rose; deep-red double flowers.
‘Stargazer’. A compact, bushy grower; slightly fragrant, single, bright orange-scarlet flowers.
‘Tip Top’. A vigorous, bushy grower; well-formed warm-salmon blooms with shades of pink. Flowers freely over a long season.
‘Topsi’. A low grower, ideal for small beds; brilliant orange-scarlet flowers. May require protection against black spot.
‘Warrior’. Compact and branching in growth; deep scarlet-red flowers produced in trusses over a long period.