Daffodil Bulbs – Different Types of Daffodil



Daffodil Bulbs – Different Types of Daffodil

daffodil bulbs I shall now consider the various types of daffodil bulbs, division by division, and make brief comments on them which I hope will be of interest. This is also an appropriate time to point out that daffodil breeding is an extremely long-term business as it may take eight or more years to produce stock of new varieties in commercial quantities. Another thing requiring explanation also is the terms used in catalogues in connection with daffodil bulbs.

  • A mother bulb is one with as many as four growths which will each produce flowering shoots;
  • a double nose bulb has at least two ‘noses’ and will produce a minimum of two flowers, and,
  • a single nose will produce one or two flowers.

Division I is devoted to trumpet daffodils and is divided into three sections, for yellow, bi-color and white-flowered varieties. One of the best known of all daffodils is the old but still very fine King Alfred, of rich golden-yellow colouring and splendid for the garden and for growing indoors. The same can be said of Golden Harvest, and others which can be strongly recommended are the white varieties Beersheba and Mount Hood, Unsurpassable, another golden-yellow, and the Queen of the Bicolors, white and yellow.

Division II, large-cupped varieties, has four sections, and has one flower to each stem with the cup more than one-third but less than equal to the length of the perianth segments. Varieties I would recommend here, are the yellow and red Carbineer, the large-flowered yellow Canton, the white and orange John Evelyn, the creamy-white and orange Sempre Avanti, Orange Bride and Scarlet Elegance.

Division III, the small-cupped narcissi, includes varieties with cups not more than one-third the length of the perianth segment, and here again one flower is carried on each stem. There are four sections in the division. An especially good variety of modest price is the red and white La Riante which is as good for indoors as it is impressive in the garden.

Division IV, the double daffodil bulbs, is perhaps not universally popular for there are quite a few gardeners with a distinct bias against double flowers. Their main value is as pot-grown plants for greenhouse or home and they can look very impressive in this role when well grown. A splendid variety for forcing is the yellow and orange Texas, likewise the white and yellow Irene Copeland. I have considerable affection, too, for the pleasing soft primrose yellow Camellia.

Division V, the Triandrus daffodil bulbs, is where we find the Angel’s Tears daffodil, N. triandrus albus, the lovely pure white Thalia and the white and lemon Silver Chimes. The resemblance to N. triandrus can be clearly seen in all members of this division.

Division VI, for cyclamineus daffodil bulbs, includes the dwarf species of that name, a very beautiful bright yellow narcissus, and such gems as the early-flowering February Gold, golden-yellow and Peeping Tom of similar colouring.

Jonquilla daffodil bulbs Division VII, the Jonquilla daffodil bulbs, includes a favourite of mine in the pale yellow Trevithian, and the Queen Anne’s Double Jonquil, N. jonquilla fore pleno.

Among the tazetta daffodils (Division VIII), which make such delightful plants for bowls or other containers indoors, my choice would be the white and scarlet Cragford, the white and orange-red Geranium (which also makes a good garden plant); and the creamy-white and orange-red St. Agnes.

The poeticus daffodils, grouped in Division IX, include a fine late-flowering variety in the white and red Actaea, and the Old Pheasant’s Eye (N. recurvus) which is so valuable for naturalising.

The remaining two divisions of daffodil bulbs, Division X and Division XI, are devoted to species and wild forms and wild hybrids in the first case, and miscellaneous narcissi which do not fall within any of the other divisions in the latter case.


29. September 2010 by Dave Pinkney
Categories: Bulbous Plants, Plants & Trees | Tags: | Leave a comment

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