Chaenomeles speciosa or Japanese Quince
This quince is taller than the dwarf quince and grows to a height of 2 m (6 ft). The young shoots are smooth and glossy green in the upper part, mat at the base. Characteristic are the sharply serrated stipules wrapped around the stem. Theconsist of five sepals and five scarlet petals. They are 3 to 4 cm (1 to 1 ½ in) across and are borne in clusters of two to six. The attractive round, aromatic fruits measure up to 6 cm (2 ¼ in) across and are coloured yellow-green to yellow-orange. Like the dwarf quince this species flowers very early — from late March to April.
Propagation is by means of seed which generally germinates well and is sown in the autumn. The shrub may also be propagated by half-ripe cuttings with a heel,, division and budding. It requires a nourishing garden with lime and good . A sunny location is best even though quince tolerates light shade and it stands up well to summer droughts. Growth is slow; it may be thinned.
Quinces are highly prized for their early flowering and are used in many ways in parks and gardens. They may be planted as solitary specimens, in groups by themselves, or together with conifers. Also available are varieties ‘Nivalis’ with white flowers, Moerlesii’ with pink flowers, and `Roses Flore Pleno’ with pink, double flowers.