Chaenomeles Japonica or Dwarf Quince
Dwarf Quince or Lesser Flowering Quince
The generic name is derived from the Greek words cheinein, meaning to open gradually, and melea, meaning apple. The genus contains only a few species, all native to eastern Asia. The dwarf quince, from Japan, grows to about 1 m (3 ft) in height. It greatly resembles Japanese quince. Theare brick red, about 3 cm (1 in) across, and borne in clusters of two to three in March and April. Most often cultivated is the variety alpina, which is suitable for rock gardens. The various colour forms include ‘Apricot’, of dwarf habit with semi-double orange-red blossoms; ‘Atropurpurea’, with single, dark-red blooms, ‘Aurora’, with pink orange-striped flowers (a very slow grower), ‘Cardinalis’, with salmon-pink flowers, and the cultivar ‘Knaphill Scarlet’, with brilliant orange blossoms.
Dwarf quince is also suitable for growing as bonsai. Pinching of the annual shoots encourages the formation of lateral shoots, a more compact habit and richer flowering. It may be grown in this way not only in the open but also in containers indoors. The branches may also be cut and used as decoration in a vase. If they are cut any time after the first frosts in December up until spring and kept in a warm room they will bloom. Propagation, requirements and uses are the same as for Japanese quince.