Common name: Box
These shrubs are grown principally for their foliage. They are widely used for edging and topiary, or simply as clipped specimens. The plants have the ability to withstand regular trimming. There are numerous species of common box (Buxus sempervirens), and there are some excellent named varieties with variegated foliage.
Buxus sempervirens (AGM) forms a neat bushy shrub with glossy dark green foliage; the fragrant pale greenare inconspicuous, appearing in early spring. ‘Suffruticosa (AGM) is compact and slow growing — ideal for edging. A popular variety of this box is ‘Aureovariegata’, the green leaves of which are striped and mottled creamy yellow.
‘Elegantissima’ (AGM) is another splendid choice, the green leaves having irregular, creamy white margins.
Soil type Most well-drained fertile soils are suitable.
Planting Box will grow well in lightly shaded areas; if in full sun or dry poor, this may lead to poor foliage colour and scorching.
Maintenance Regular trimming where necessary. In the case of young plants used for edging, stopping the leading shoots will encourage bushy growth.
Propagation Take semi-ripe cuttings in the summer, rooting them in a garden frame.
Pests and diseases Fungus diseases can attack box. Treat with fungicide when identified. Occasionally, scale insects can become established. Deal with these by using a suitable insecticide.